Snus is a Swedish traditional tobacco of oral usage, also called in some countries as moist snuff. The study evaluated five different tobacco products (two pouched snus products with different nicotine contents, one loose snus product that was used at two different portion sizes, and a cigarette) and an OTC nicotine chewing gum ( Table 1 ). All the products were commercially available in Sweden at the time of the study but were unbranded at the point of administration.
Some users (usually long-time users) simply pinch the tobacco and place it under their upper lip (farmer’s pinch or living snus). It is important to note that various behavioral factors not investigated in this study could also affect nicotine absorption such as moving the snus portion around the mouth, spitting saliva during use, or swallowing some amount of loose snus.
Sweden was also one of the first nations to tax tobacco as a luxury product. The similar nicotine absorption for 1 g portions of loose and pouched snus with approximately 11 mg of nicotine indicate that absorption kinetics were dependent on quantity of tobacco by weight and total nicotine content rather than product form.
Loose snus looks the same today as it did 200 years ago and is still the foundation of the Swedish snus tradition. If you are looking for an alternative to smoking, snus is a smokeless alternative to cigarettes. Additional research is needed to examine long-term effects of newer smokeless tobacco products, such as dissolvables and U.S. snus.
In fact, snus” is the Swedish translation for the word snuff” and hearkens back to tobacco’s introduction to Scandinavia in the 16th century when dried tobacco was taken through the nose. Having said that, a report from the NZ Initiative’s Jenesa Jeram found that snus could work as a harm reduction tool, as people smoke for the nicotine but they die from the tar”.
Original portion snus, sometimes also called Brown portion snus, is being moistened once the portions are filled and has a faster flavor release. The bottom line: Snus use is addictive, but it probably has fewer risks than cigarette smoking. The paper cans from Swedish Match are always made out of recycled paper.
The objective of this study was to determine nicotine absorption for current pouched and loose snus products in comparison with a cigarette and an over-the-counter nicotine gum. Today, there are several different varieties and forms to suit whatever needs snus users may have.
They observe that it’s better policy to get people to quit smoking by weaning them off tobacco using proven pharmaceutical methods rather than replacing one product with another. Swedish snus has a higher nicotine level and longer lasting flavor. By refrigerating the snus after production, snus tobacco resists fermentation that tobacco stored at room temperatures undergoes even after its been packaged.
In contrast, a cigarette delivers about 23 nanograms per milliliter of nicotine in the first five minutes, but by 30 minutes the levels of nicotine in the body are comparable between the two products source: Gartner et al. It comes loose or in portions. This process, developed in Sweden, kills the microbes that create some of the cancer-causing toxins found in other smokeless tobacco products.
At the most harmful end of the spectrum are tobacco products you burn. Simply place the sachet (portion or mini) of your favourite snus, under the upper lip. A snus user packs the tobacco into his or her upper lip to get a nicotine buzz white fox on par with that of a cigarette.